The human body has the natural ability to heal and protect itself. For instance, when a person accidentally cuts himself, his blood forms clots to prevent him from bleeding further. Then, the wound closes over and before you know it, new skin is formed on the damaged area.
Regenerative medicine is a branch of medicine that seeks to utilize the body’s natural ability to heal itself, like what’s explained above, and accelerate it in a clinically relevant way. It works to restore the structure and function of damaged tissues and organs through advanced technology.
Treatments used in regenerative medicine include both in vivo and in vitro procedures. In vivo means studies and trials are performed inside the living body to encourage previously damaged and irreparable organs to heal themselves. On the other hand, in vitro treatments are applied to the body by implanting a therapy studied or formulated inside a laboratory.
Today, scientific research, studies, and trials are continuously conducted to find ways for the body to heal itself better. Through these ongoing studies, doctors and medical experts hope to achieve breakthroughs on using regenerative medicine to treat injuries and diseases that were incurable before.
Four Concentrations in the Field of Regenerative Medicine
There are four concentrations in the field of regenerative medicine. They are:
Development of Medical Devices and Artificial Organs
Many patients who require organ transplant often experience difficulties when finding donors. Even if they do find an organ donor, it doesn’t necessarily mean that all is well because there is still the risk of their body rejecting the organ transplanted into them.
Regenerative medicine seeks to address the issue by making it possible for people to be their “own organ donor.” For instance, just recently, a number of child and teenage patients were able to successfully have urinary bladder implants, thanks to regenerative medicine. The organs implanted into them were grown in a laboratory using their own cells. It was reportedly the first time laboratory-grown organs were placed inside a human body.